Researchers at the Moscow State Institute of Steel and Alloy, Russia's state research and technical University, have adapted semiconductor coating technology for silicon photoelectric converters to industry standards, which will make solar panels cheaper and easier to manufacture and enable them to work in all weather conditions. ' '
The silicon crystals used to make solar panels are complex, expensive and have serious limitations in their use. Therefore, perovskite materials are being actively studied in the world to replace silicon. At present, the photoelectric conversion efficiency of perovskite solar cells has reached the level of commercial silicon cells.
Since 2015, researchers at the Moscow State Institute of Steel and Alloy have been developing perovskite solar cells and photodetectors. The result of the team's research is a technique that ensures the high stability and luminescence properties of perovskite layers and ADAPTS to modern industrial application standards.
Moscow State Institute of Steel and Alloy Future Solar Energy laboratory researcher Atul Ishdyev said that through chemical vapor deposition technology (CVD) can show the formation of perovskite layer, and can explain the high stability and luminescence characteristics of inorganic perovskite, understand the best optical properties of perovskite-like materials in all process stages, The use of standard methods in combination with mechanochemical synthesis has made it possible to scale up to the industrial level. He stressed that the CVD method is now the industry standard for producing leds and solar cells and that perovskite technology can be introduced on existing production lines without the need to change equipment sets.
Unlike silicon, which can generate power in diffuse and low-light conditions, Perovskite solar panels can work in all weather conditions, even indoors, expanding their range of applications, such as powering stationary devices and wearables such as watches and smartphones, Ishdeyev explained. Perovskite solar cells and leds are now available for mass production and will be widely used in industrial and consumer electronics, with their main advantages being low production cost and high output characteristics, he added.
The Moscow State Institute of Steel and Alloy organized the complete assembly cycle of perovskite solar cells. From glass to finished equipment, solar cells can be assembled in five hours under laboratory conditions. The technology has been patented and is ready for mass production and competition with silicon solar cells.
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